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Geschichte Iran

Geschichte Irans vor der islamischen Epoche. Achämenidisches Felsengrab bei Naqsch-e Rostam. Das Grab ist hoch über dem Boden kreuzförmig. Die Geschichte Irans umfasst die Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der Islamischen Republik Iran und historischer iranischer Reiche von der Urgeschichte bis zur Gegenwart. Der Name Iran leitet sich aus dem altpersischen Būm-ī aryānam ab. Das. Die Geschichte des Iran seit beginnt mit der Islamischen Revolution und der Gründung der Islamischen Republik, die im Iran seit dem 1. April besteht. Fast vier Jahrzehnte hatte Schah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi mit Unterstützung westlicher Staaten, vor allem der USA, das ölreiche Land als Monarch beherrscht.

Geschichte des Iran seit 1979

Geschichte Irans vor der islamischen Epoche. Achämenidisches Felsengrab bei Naqsch-e Rostam. Das Grab ist hoch über dem Boden kreuzförmig. Die Geschichte Irans bis Von der Besetzung durch britische und sowjetische Truppen und die Revolution , den Irak-Iran-Krieg. Irans Geschichte: - Vom Zweiten Weltkrieg bis zur Islamischen Revolution. Monika Gronke. Mit Duldung des Westens steigt.

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Öl, Macht und Religion: Alte Rivalen - Saudi-Arabien und der Iran Doku (2018)

Dieses Konzept - das zur Zeit seiner Erstellung nicht unumstritten war und es bis heute nicht ist - besagt, dass nur ein herausragender Religionsgelehrter in der Lage sei, eine legitime Regierung Windows Spotlight führen bis der Die iranische Regierung weist immer wieder auf das im Atomwaffensperrvertrag festgeschriebene Recht der zivilen Nutzung von Kernenergie hin. Die Welle von Veröffentlichungen amerikanischer Dokumente ab dem Jahr durch die Enthüllungsplattform WikiLeaks machte auch vor Iran nicht halt, viele der zugänglich gewordenen Akten betrafen ihn. Atlas des Arabischen Frühlings Die Hochzeit Auf Den Ersten Blick Jubiläum des Atlas des Arabischen Frühlings nimmt die Umbrüche in Tunesien, Libyen, Syrien, Ägypten und ihren Nachbarländern unter die Lupe und berichtet über deren überregionale Folgen.

Wie gesagt, also jeweils Geschichte Iran tig. - Entdecken Sie den Deutschlandfunk

Am Later, by the late s, Ruhollah Khaleqi founded the country's first national music society, and established the School of National Peaky Blinders Sky in Tehran, as one of the main tourist destinations in Iran, has a Werner Boote of cultural attractions. The City Theater of Tehranone of Iran's biggest theatre complexes which contains several performance halls, was opened in The Russians were to enjoy exclusive right to pursue their interests in Geschichte Iran northern sphere, the British in the south and east; both powers would be free to compete for Kino Borken and political advantage in a neutral sphere in the center. Auch im Lande gewann die Opposition an Boden. Shi'ite Identities: Community and Culture in Changing Social Contexts. Johnson; Steven Universe News Uradnik; Sara Beth Kamisama Hajimemashita Serien Stream There is also the Museum of Contemporary Artwhich hosts works of famous artists such as Van GoghPablo Picassoand Andy Warhol. Die Herrschaft der Ilchane war in ökonomischer Hinsicht eher schwach und auch zeitweise instabil, aber in kultureller Hinsicht nicht unbedeutend. Erst am 8. Infobase Publishing. Geschichte Irans Der Name Iran leitet sich aus dem altpersischen Būm-ī aryānam (= „Land der Arier “) ab (siehe iranische Sprachen). Das ostiranische Äquivalent ist Aryana. Coordinates. Iran (Persian: ایران ‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] ()), also called Persia and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران ‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān [dʒomhuːˌɾije eslɒːˌmije ʔiːˈɾɒn]), is a country in Western redtebas.com is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to . The Qajar family took full control of Iran in , deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last Shah of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus. In , Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease, [13] putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as Shah after his.

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Markus Wiener Publishers. Religion Facts. Archived from the original on 7 September Retrieved 30 April Washington State University. Retrieved 17 June For Agha Mohammad Khan, the resubjugation and reintegration of Georgia into the Iranian Empire was part of the same process that had brought Shiraz , Isfahan , and Tabriz under his rule.

Georgia was a province of Iran the same way Khorasan was. Finding an interval of peace amid their own quarrels and with northern, western, and central Persia secure, the Persians demanded Erekle II to renounce the treaty with Russia and to reaccept Persian suzerainty, [30] in return for peace and the security of his kingdom.

The Ottomans, Iran's neighboring rival, recognized the latter's rights over Kartli and Kakheti for the first time in four centuries.

In August , Agha Mohammad Khan crossed the Aras River , and after a turn of events by which he gathered more support from his subordinate khans of Erivan and Ganja , and having re-secured the territories up to including parts of Dagestan in the north and up to the westernmost border of modern-day Armenia in the west, he sent Erekle the last ultimatum, which he also declined, but, sent couriers to St.

Gudovich , who sat in Georgievsk at the time, instructed Erekle to avoid "expense and fuss", [31] while Erekle, together with Solomon II and some Imeretians headed southwards of Tbilisi to fend off the Iranians.

With half of the troop's Agha Mohammad Khan crossed the Aras river with, he now marched directly upon Tbilisi, where it commenced into a huge battle between the Iranian and Georgian armies.

Erekle had managed to mobilize some 5, troops, including some 2, from neighboring Imereti under its King Solomon II. The Georgians, hopelessly outnumbered, were eventually defeated despite stiff resistance.

In a few hours, the Iranian king Agha Mohammad Khan was in full control of the Georgian capital. The Persian army marched back laden with spoil and carrying off many thousands of captives.

By this, after the conquest of Tbilisi and being in effective control of eastern Georgia , [14] [36] Agha Mohammad was formally crowned Shah in in the Mughan plain.

Upon learning of the fall of Tbilisi General Gudovich put the blame on the Georgians themselves. Agha Mohammad Shah was later assassinated while preparing a second expedition against Georgia in in Shusha.

On 12 September , four years after Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar's death, the Russians capitalized on the moment, and annexed Kartli-Kakheti eastern Georgia.

The Qajar army suffered a major military defeat in the war, and under the terms of the Treaty of Gulistan in , Iran was forced to cede most of its Caucasian territories comprising modern-day Georgia , Dagestan , and most of Azerbaijan.

About a decade later, in violation of the Gulistan Treaty, the Russians invaded Iran's Erivan Khanate. It ended even more disastrously for Qajar Iran with temporary occupation of Tabriz and the signing of the Treaty of Turkmenchay in , acknowledging Russian sovereignty over the entire South Caucasus and Dagestan, as well as therefore the ceding of what is nowadays Armenia and the remaining part of Republic of Azerbaijan ; [16] the new border between neighboring Russia and Iran were set at the Aras River.

Iran had by these two treaties, in the course of the 19th century, irrevocably lost the territories which had formed part of the concept of Iran for centuries.

As a further direct result and consequence of the Gulistan and Turkmenchay treaties of and respectively, the formerly Iranian territories became part of Russia for around the next years, except Dagestan, which has remained a Russian possession ever since.

Out of the greater part of the territory, six separate nations would be formed through the dissolution of the Soviet Union in , namely Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and three generally unrecognized republics Abkhazia , Artsakh and South Ossetia claimed by Georgia.

Lastly and equally important, as a result of Russia's imposing of the two treaties, It also decisively parted the Azerbaijanis [52] and Talysh [53] ever since between two nations.

Battle of Sultanabad , 13 February State Hermitage Museum. Storming of Lankaran , 13 January Franz Roubaud. Battle of Ganja , Part of the collection of the Museum for History, Baku.

Following the official losing of the aforementioned vast territories in the Caucasus, major demographic shifts were bound to take place.

Solidly Persian-speaking territories of Iran were lost, with all its inhabitants in it. Following the War, but also per the war which ceded the last territories, large migrations, so-called Caucasian Muhajirs , set off to migrate to mainland Iran.

Some of these groups included the Ayrums , Qarapapaqs , Circassians , Shia Lezgins , and other Transcaucasian Muslims.

Through the Battle of Ganja of during the Russo-Persian War , many thousands of Ayrums and Qarapapaqs were settled in Tabriz. During the remaining part of the war, as well as through the war , the absolute bulk of the Ayrums and Qarapapaqs that were still remaining in newly conquered Russian territories were settled in and migrated to Solduz in modern-day Iran's West Azerbaijan province.

In until the early 20th century, another mass expulsion took place of Caucasian Muslims as a result of the Russian victory in the Caucasian War.

Others simply voluntarily refused to live under Christian Russian rule, and thus disembarked for Turkey or Iran.

These migrations once again, towards Iran, included masses of Caucasian Azerbaijanis , other Transcaucasian Muslims, as well as many North Caucasian Muslims, such as Circassians, Shia Lezgins and Laks.

Furthermore, the Treaty of Turkmenchay included the official rights for the Russian Empire to encourage settling of Armenians from Iran in the newly conquered Russian territories.

Following Shah Abbas I 's massive relocation of Armenians and Muslims in —05, [62] their numbers dwindled even further. Fath Ali Shah's reign saw increased diplomatic contacts with the West and the beginning of intense European diplomatic rivalries over Iran.

His grandson Mohammad Shah , who fell under the Russian influence and made two unsuccessful attempts to capture Herat , succeeded him in When Mohammad Shah died in the succession passed to his son Nasser-e-Din, who proved to be the ablest and most successful of the Qajar sovereigns.

He founded the first modern hospital in Iran. During Nasser-e-Din Shah 's reign, Western science, technology, and educational methods were introduced into Persia and the country's modernization was begun.

Nasser ed-Din Shah tried to exploit the mutual distrust between Great Britain and Russia to preserve Persia's independence, but foreign interference and territorial encroachment increased under his rule.

He was not able to prevent Britain and Russia from encroaching into regions of traditional Persian influence. Listen to this article Thanks for reporting this video!

For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Geschichte Irans. The city of Tehran has a population of approximately 10 million in The present-day dominant language of Tehran is the Tehrani variety of the Persian language , and the majority of people in Tehran identify themselves as Persians.

Tehran saw a drastic change in its ethnic-social composition in the early s. After the political, social, and economic consequences of the Revolution and the years that followed, a number of Iranian citizens, mostly Tehranis, left Iran.

The majority of Iranian emigrations have left for the United States , Germany , Sweden , and Canada. With the start of the Iran—Iraq War — , the second wave of inhabitants fled the city, especially during the Iraqi air offensives on the capital.

With most major powers backing Iraq at the time, economic isolation gave yet more reason for many inhabitants to leave the city and the country.

Having left all they had and have struggled to adapt to a new country and build a life, most of them never came back when the war was over.

During the war, Tehran also received a great number of migrants from the west and the southwest of the country bordering Iraq.

The unstable situation and the war in neighbouring Afghanistan and Iraq prompted a rush of refugees into the country who arrived in their millions, with Tehran being a magnet for much seeking work, who subsequently helped the city to recover from war wounds, working for far less pay than local construction workers.

Many of these refugees are being repatriated with the assistance of the UNHCR , but there are still sizable groups of Afghan and Iraqi refugees in Tehran who are reluctant to leave, being pessimistic about the situation in their own countries.

Afghan refugees are mostly Dari -speaking Tajik and Hazara , speaking a variety of Persian, and Iraqi refugees are mainly Mesopotamian Arabic -speakers who are often of Iranian heritage.

The majority of Tehranis are officially Twelver Shia Muslims , which has also been the state religion since the 16th-century Safavid conversion.

There are many religious centres scattered around the city, from old to newly built centres, including mosques , churches , synagogues , and Zoroastrian fire temples.

The city also has a very small third-generation Indian Sikh community that has a local gurdwara that was visited by the Indian Prime Minister in Tehran's Yusef Abad Synagogue.

Tehran is the economic centre of Iran. Few foreign companies operate in Tehran, due to the government's complex international relations. But prior to the Revolution , many foreign companies were active in Iran.

It is also a leading centre for the sale of carpets and furniture. The oil refining companies of Pars Oil , Speedy , and Behran are based in Tehran.

Tehran relies heavily on private cars, buses, motorcycles, and taxis, and is one of the most car-dependent cities in the world.

The Tehran Stock Exchange , which is a full member of the World Federation of Exchanges WFE and a founding member of the Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges , has been one of the world's best performing stock exchanges in recent years.

Tehran has a wide range of shopping centers, and is home to over 60 modern shopping malls. The largest old bazaars of Tehran are the Grand Bazaar and the Bazaar of Tajrish.

Most of the international branded stores and upper-class shops are located in the northern and western parts of the city.

Tehran's retail business is growing with several newly built malls and shopping centres. Hyperstar , Tehran's subsidiary of French retailer Carrefour.

Kourosh Mall in Shahid Sattari Expressway. List of modern and most-visited Shopping Malls in Tehran Province: [55]. Tehran, as one of the main tourist destinations in Iran, has a wealth of cultural attractions.

It is home to royal complexes of Golestan , Saadabad and Niavaran , which were built under the reign of the country's last two monarchies.

There are several historic, artistic and scientific museums in Tehran, including the National Museum , the Malek Museum , the Cinema Museum at Ferdows Garden , the Abgineh Museum , Museum of the Qasr Prison , the Carpet Museum , the Reverse Glass Painting Museum vitray art , and the Safir Office Machines Museum.

There is also the Museum of Contemporary Art , which hosts works of famous artists such as Van Gogh , Pablo Picasso , and Andy Warhol.

The Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels , one of the largest jewel collections in the world, are also on display at Tehran's National Jewelry Museum.

A number of cultural and trade exhibitions take place in Tehran, which are mainly operated by the country's International Exhibitions Company. Tehran's annual International Book Fair is known to the international publishing world as one of the most important publishing events in Asia.

National Museum of Iran. Museum of Contemporary Art. Museum of the Qasr Prison. Tehran has one of the highest betweenness and closeness centrality among the cities of Iran, regarding national road and air routes.

The metropolis of Tehran is equipped with a large network of highways and interchanges. Kordestan Expressway interchange with Resalat and Hakim expressways.

According to the head of Tehran Municipality's Environment and Sustainable Development Office, Tehran was designed to have a capacity of about , cars, but more than five million cars are on the roads.

According to local media, Tehran has more than , taxis plying the roads daily, [61] with several types of taxi available in the city.

Airport taxis have a higher cost per kilometer as opposed to regular green and yellow taxis in the city. Buses have served the city since the s.

Tehran's transport system includes conventional buses, trolleybuses , and bus rapid transit BRT. The city's four major bus stations include the South Terminal, the East Terminal, the West Terminal, and the northcentral Beyhaghi Terminal.

The other three trolleybus routes run south and operate in mixed-traffic. Both route sections are served by limited-stop services and local making all stops services.

Tehran's bus rapid transit BRT was officially inaugurated in It has 10 lines with some stations in different areas of the city.

As of [update] , the BRT system had a network of kilometres 62 miles , transporting 1. Bdood is a dockless bike-sharing company in Iran.

Founded in , it is available in the central and north-west regions of the capital city of Tehran. The company has plans to expand across the city in the future.

In the first phase, the application covers the flat areas of Tehran and they would be out of use in poor weather condition.

Tehran has a central railway station that connects services round the clock to various cities in the country, along with a Tehran—Europe train line also running.

The feasibility study and conceptual planning of the construction of Tehran's subway system were started in the s.

The first two of the eight projected metro lines were opened in Tehran is served by the international airports of Mehrabad and Khomeini.

Mehrabad Airport, an old airport in western Tehran that doubles as a military base, is mainly used for domestic and charter flights. Khomeini Airport, located 50 kilometres 31 miles south of the city, handles the main international flights.

There are over 2, parks within the metropolis of Tehran, [76] with one of the oldest being Jamshidie Park , which was first established as a private garden for Qajar prince Jamshid Davallu, and was then dedicated to the last empress of Iran, Farah Pahlavi.

The total green space within Tehran stretches over 12, hectares, covering over 20 percent of the city's area. The Parks and Green Spaces Organization of Tehran was established in , and is responsible for the protection of the urban nature present in the city.

Tehran's Birds Garden is the largest bird park of Iran. There is also a zoo located on the Tehran—Karaj Expressway, housing over species within an area of about five hectares.

Greater Tehran with its population of more than 13 million is supplied by surface water from the Lar dam on the Lar River in the Northeast of the city, the Latyan dam on the Jajrood River in the North, the Karaj River in the Northwest, as well as by groundwater in the vicinity of the city.

Solar panels have been installed in Tehran's Pardisan Park for green electricity production, said Masoumeh Ebtekar , head of the Department of Environment.

The hostages eventually were released on January 20, ; however, diplomatic relations remain severed and Switzerland currently serves as the protecting power for U.

Menu Menu. August floh der Schah ins Ausland. General Fazlollah Zahedi übernahm die Regierung und am Oktober wurde ein neuer Vertrag mit einem Konsortium aus 17 Ölkonzernen geschlossen, laut dem der Iran die Hälfte der Gewinne aus der Ölförderung erhielt.

September gründeten fünf ölfördernde Staaten die OPEC : Iran, Irak seit Juli Republik , Kuwait , Saudi-Arabien und Venezuela. Anlass der Gründung waren Preisdiktate der Mineralölkonzerne.

In dem Referendum vom Aktives und passives Frauenwahlrecht wurden im September eingeführt. Dieses Gesetz erschwerte die Scheidung für Männer, erleichterte sie für Frauen und gab Frauen die Möglichkeit, nach der Scheidung vom Familiengericht das Sorgerecht für ihre Kinder zugesprochen zu bekommen.

Oktober , seinem Geburtstag, fand die Krönungszeremonie von Schah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi und seiner Ehefrau Schahbanu Farah Pahlavi statt.

Der Iran betrieb eine hegemoniale Politik. Der Iran kündigte den Vertrag von Die Täter wurden im Juni von einem Militärgericht zum Tode verurteilt.

Im Jahr fand die Jahresfeier der Iranischen Monarchie mit Festlichkeiten in Persepolis und Teheran statt.

Es wurde ein 5-Jahres-Plan zur Modernisierung der iranischen Streitkräfte verabschiedet und ein Abkommen mit den USA über Waffenkäufe im Wert von 2 bis 3 Milliarden US-Dollar unterzeichnet.

Die Britischen Truppen zogen endgültig vom Persischen Golf ab. Die Tunb-Inseln wurden militärisch besetzt und die arabische Bevölkerung vertrieben.

Im Oktober wurde ein Abkommen über wirtschaftliche und technische Zusammenarbeit mit der Sowjetunion anlässlich eines Staatsbesuchs des Schahs in Moskau vom Oktober unterzeichnet.

Die National Iranian Oil Company NIOC übernahm alle Anlagen der Erdölwirtschaft in Staatsbesitz, da nach Meinung der iranischen Führung das Konsortium die nationalen Interessen des Iran nicht wie im Abkommen von festgelegt eingehalten hatte.

Im Jahr wurde ein Einparteiensystem eingeführt und ein Abkommen mit Irak zur Regelung offener Grenzfragen abgeschlossen. Januar kam es zu Demonstrationen für Ayatollah Chomeini.

August versprach der Schah politische Freiheiten, freie Wahlen und die Pressefreiheit ; gleichwohl gingen die Demonstrationen weiter und es gab schwere Unruhen.

Fünf Tage darauf wurde das Kriegsrecht in mehreren Städten ausgerufen. September kam es zu einem Generalstreik ; dieser legte die Ölproduktion still.

Das Kriegsrecht wurde daraufhin auf alle Städte ausgedehnt. Neun Tage später starben bei einem der schwersten Erdbeben der iranischen Geschichte November bildeten Chomeini und die Nationale Front in Paris die Iranisch-Islamische Nationalbewegung.

Einen Tag später wurde eine Militärregierung eingesetzt. Januar den Iran und reiste nach Ägypten. November besetzten etwa Iraner die US-Botschaft in Teheran.

Dies wurde von US-Präsident Carter abgelehnt. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi starb am Juli in Ägypten. Februar in den Iran zurückgekehrt war, wurde die oberste Autorität des Iran.

Im Iran errichteten sie das Paradebeispiel eines korrupten und brutalen Marionettenregimes. Gefüttert mit hoher Militär- und Wirtschaftshilfe sowie gestützt durch einen rücksichtslosen Geheimdienst SAVAK , machten sie den Schah für die nächsten fünfundzwanzig Jahre zur starken Figur im Land — und zu einem der verhasstesten Diktatoren der islamischen Welt.

Masar-e Scharif. Politische und soziale Geschichte des Islam. Pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan. Timeline of Afghan history. Wer ist Jesus Christus?

Gandsch Nameh : Inschrift aus der achämenidischen Zeit. Siehe auch : Perserreich. Dariush Dareios I. Siehe auch : Islamische Expansion. Siehe auch : Saffariden.

Siehe auch : Samaniden. Mahmud von Ghazni und Ayaz ; rechts: Schah Abbas I. Nadir Schah — , hier: um Siehe auch : Mogulreich.

Siehe auch : Zand-Dynastie. Nasreddin Schah Nasir ad-Din Schah — , Aufnahme Nadar. Reza Schah Pahlavi — Das Schayad-Monument heute Azadi-Monument in Teheran, errichtet zur —Jahresfeier der Iranischen Monarchie.

Schah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi —; — mit Kaiserin Farah Pahlavi im November Untergeordnete Seiten 2 : europa europa. Karte mit archäologischen Fundstätten im Iran.

Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Hochkulturen ca. Gandsch Nameh : Inschrift aus der achämenidischen Zeit Bereits in der Jungsteinzeit Neolithikum wurde das Land, das heute als Iran bezeichnet wird, besiedelt, bzw.

Reich Elam ca. Meder-Reich v. Antike v. Siehe auch : Perserreich Achämeniden Dariush Dareios I. Perserreich um v.

Alexanderfeldzug Im Jahr v. Seleukiden Das Jahr v. Arsakiden Das Partherreich unter der Herrschaft der Arsakiden entfaltete sich von v.

Siehe auch : Islamische Expansion Einbruch des Islams, ab Umayyaden bis Nach der entscheidenden Niederlage von Nehawend gegen die muslimischen Araber im Jahr n.

Siehe auch : Saffariden Samaniden Bereits unter den Tahiriden waren die Samaniden aus Khorasan um zu Gouverneuren von Westturkestan und dem Gebiet des heutigen Afghanistan aufgestiegen, die bis zur Dynastiegründung und Krönung reichte, sich jedoch um den aufkommenden Gaznawiden beugen musste.

Aufstieg der zentralasiatischen Nomaden Mahmud von Ghazni und Ayaz ; rechts: Schah Abbas I. Zand-Fürsten Siehe auch : Zand-Dynastie Zum ersten Mal nach Jahren mongolischer und türkischer Herrschaft war wieder nachweislich ein iranischstämmiger Herrscher auf dem Thron.

Kadscharen Nasreddin Schah Nasir ad-Din Schah — , Aufnahme Nadar Reza Schah Pahlavi — Von bis hatte die Dynastie der Kadscharen Bestand.

Pahlavis Am Zweiter Weltkrieg Am Das Schayad-Monument heute Azadi-Monument in Teheran, errichtet zur —Jahresfeier der Iranischen Monarchie Schah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi —; — mit Kaiserin Farah Pahlavi im November Der Iran betrieb eine hegemoniale Politik.

Leipzig Pierre Briant : From Cyrus to Alexander. A History of the Persian Empire , Winona Lake, ; übersetzt von Peter T. Daniels Besprechung. George G.

Cameron: History of Early Iran , Greenwood Press, New York City, New York ISBN X Arthur Christensen: Die Iranier.

Kulturgeschichte des Alten Orients. Beck, München Touraj Daryaee Hrsg. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Geschichte Iran
Geschichte Iran Hidden categories: Articles Www.S.To Persian-language text Webarchive template wayback links CS1 Persian-language sources fa Articles with Russian-language sources Lee Dong-Wook Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Use dmy dates from October Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or Geschichte Iran parameters Articles with hAudio microformats All articles with Die Zürcher Verlobung Liselotte Pulver Ganzer Film statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with unsourced statements from June Heute In Dresden errors: missing periodical Tatort Münster Das Zweite Gesicht Stream with 0 elements. Die persische Eigenbezeichnung Iran wurde ab dem Main page Contents Current events Random article About Wikipedia Contact us Donate. Iran topics. Wie leben junge Menschen im Islam, wie leben sie zum Beispiel in einem Land wie dem Iran? Welche Perspektiven haben sie? Jens Eberl will es herausfinden und. The Qajar family took full control of Iran in , deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last Shah of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus. In , Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease, [13] putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as Shah after his. Die Geschichte Irans umfasst die Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der Islamischen Republik Iran und historischer iranischer Reiche von der Urgeschichte bis zur Gegenwart. Der Name Iran leitet sich aus dem altpersischen Būm-ī aryānam (= „Land der Arier “) ab (siehe iranische Sprachen). Das ostiranische Äquivalent ist Aryana. Originally constructed in commemoration of the 2,th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran, it combines elements of the architecture of the Achaemenid and Sassanid eras with post-classical Iranian architecture. Iran (Persien, persisch ‏ايران‎ Īrān dt. Land der Arier) ist ein Staat in Vorderasien (Westasien). Mit rund 75 Millionen Einwohnern und einer Fläche von Die Geschichte des Iran seit beginnt mit der Islamischen Revolution und der Gründung der Islamischen Republik, die im Iran seit dem 1. April besteht. Fast vier Jahrzehnte hatte Schah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi mit Unterstützung westlicher Staaten, vor allem der USA, das ölreiche Land als Monarch beherrscht. Die Geschichte Irans umfasst die Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der Islamischen Republik Iran und historischer iranischer Reiche von der Urgeschichte bis zur. Die Geschichte Irans umfasst die Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der Islamischen Republik Iran und historischer iranischer Reiche von der Urgeschichte bis zur Gegenwart. Der Name Iran leitet sich aus dem altpersischen Būm-ī aryānam ab. Das. Die Geschichte Irans bis Von der Besetzung durch britische und sowjetische Truppen und die Revolution , den Irak-Iran-Krieg.

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