Leopardi, Giacomo. Übersicht. Quellen; Literatur; Porträts; Verknüpfungen; Netzwerk; Orte. Für Walter Benjamin war er ein "ironischer Engel": der italienische Lyriker Giacomo Leopardi ( - ). Die radioTexte stellen Auszüge. Giacomo Leopardi. Giacomo Leopardi, der als einer der größten italienischen Dichter des Jahrhunderts gilt, wurde in Recanati geboren. Als er.
Ziele und Aufgaben der Deutschen Leopardi-GesellschaftGiacomo Graf Leopardi wurde am Juni in Recanati geboren und starb am Juni in Neapel. Er war ein italienischer Dichter, Essayist und. Giacomo Leopardi war ein italienischer Dichter, Essayist und Philologe. Neben Alessandro Manzoni kam ihm eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Erneuerung der italienischen Literatursprache im Jahrhundert zu. Giacomo Leopardi. Giacomo Leopardi, der als einer der größten italienischen Dichter des Jahrhunderts gilt, wurde in Recanati geboren. Als er.
Leopardi Spis treści VideoItaliano La vita di Giacomo Leopardi parte 1
Otto Leopardi Verlag Salzburg 1963 (200 Seiten) Leopardi Herder Verlag Freiburg 1997 (150 Seiten). - ServicenavigationDer herrschende Gedanke. Giacomo Leopardi war ein italienischer Dichter, Essayist und Philologe. Neben Alessandro Manzoni kam ihm eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Erneuerung der italienischen Literatursprache im Jahrhundert zu. Giacomo Leopardi (* Juni in Recanati; † Juni in Neapel) war ein italienischer Dichter, Essayist und Philologe. Neben Alessandro Manzoni. Leopardi ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alessandro Leopardi (ca. –ca. ), italienischer Architekt, Bildhauer, Ingenieur und Goldschmied. Giacomo Leopardi – vorgestellt in persönlichen Begegnungen mit Zeitzeugen – in Briefen, Tagebüchern und Erinnerungen sowie aus Leopardis.
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Photo Gallery. Leopardi was born into a local noble family in Recanati , in the Marche , at the time ruled by the papacy.
His father, Count Monaldo Leopardi , who was fond of literature and a committed reactionary, remained an advocate of traditional ideals.
His mother, Marchioness Adelaide Antici Mattei, was a cold and authoritarian woman, obsessed with rebuilding the family's financial fortunes, which had been destroyed by her husband's gambling addiction.
A rigorous discipline of religion and economy reigned in the home. However, Giacomo's happy childhood, which he spent with his younger brother Carlo Orazio and his sister Paolina, left its mark on the poet, who recorded his experiences in the poem Le Ricordanze.
Following a family tradition, Leopardi began his studies under the tutelage of two priests, but his thirst for knowledge was quenched primarily in his father's rich library.
Initially guided by Father Sebastiano Sanchini, Leopardi undertook vast and profound reading. Between the ages of twelve and nineteen, he studied constantly, driven also by a need to escape spiritually from the rigid environment of the paternal palazzo.
His continual studies undermined an already fragile physical constitution, and his illness, probably Pott's disease or ankylosing spondylitis , denied him youth's simplest pleasures.
In the classicist Pietro Giordani arrived at the Leopardi estate. To Giacomo he became a lifelong friend and derived from this a sense of hope for the future.
Meanwhile, his life at Recanati weighed on him increasingly, to the point where he attempted to escape in , but he was caught by his father and brought home.
Thereafter relations between father and son continued to deteriorate, and Giacomo was constantly monitored by the rest of the family.
When in he was briefly able to stay in Rome with his uncle, he was deeply disappointed by its atmosphere of corruption and decadence and by the hypocrisy of the Church.
He was impressed by the tomb of Torquato Tasso , to whom he felt bound by a common sense of unhappiness. While Foscolo lived tumultuously between adventures, amorous relations, and books, Leopardi was barely able to escape from his domestic oppression.
To Leopardi, Rome seemed squalid and modest when compared to the idealized image that he had created of it. Meanwhile, his physical ailments continued to worsen.
In , a bookstore owner, Stella, called him to Milan, asking him to write several works, including Crestomazia della prosa e della poesia italiane.
He moved during this period between Milan , Bologna , Florence and Pisa. He paid a visit to Giordani and met the historian Pietro Colletta.
In , physically infirm and worn out by work, Leopardi had refused the offer of a professorship in Bonn or Berlin, made by the Ambassador of Prussia in Rome.
In the same year, he had to abandon his work with Stella and return to Recanati. In , Colletta offered him a chance to return to Florence, thanks to a financial contribution from the "Friends of Tuscany".
The subsequent printing of the Canti allowed him to live away from Recanati until Leopardi found kindred company among the liberals and republicans seeking to liberate Italy from its feudal yoke to Austria.
Although his idiosyncratic and pessimistic ideas made him a party of one, he railed against Italy's "state of subjection" and was "in sympathy with the ideals of constitutionalism, republicanism and democracy, and supportive of movements urging Italians to fight for their independence.
Later he moved to Naples near his friend Antonio Ranieri , hoping to benefit physically from the climate.
He died during the cholera epidemic of , the immediate cause probably being pulmonary edema or heart failure , due to his fragile physical condition.
Thanks to Antonio Ranieri's intervention with the authorities, Leopardi's remains were not buried in a common grave as the strict hygiene regulations of the time required , but in the atrium of the Church of San Vitale at Fuorigrotta.
In his tomb was moved to the Parco Virgiliano and declared a national monument. There have been speculation in academic circles that Leopardi may have had homoromantic tendencies.
In an account of his time in Tuscany, it was written that he "became frenzied about love" whenever in the presence of the handsome younger brother of a woman he and Ranieri both admired Fanny Targioni-Tozzetti , and that when so frenzied he would direct his sentiments towards Ranieri.
In , Leopardi received a letter from Pietro Colletta , nowadays interpreted as a declaration of masonic brotherhood. The Leopardi's family share the origin of Tomasi's family , at the time of the Roman emperor Constantine the Great.
These were rough years for Leopardi, as he started developing his concept of Nature. At first he saw this as "benevolent" to mankind, helping to distract people from their sufferings.
Later, by , his idea of Nature became dominated by a destructive mechanism. Up to , Leopardi was essentially an erudite philologist.
Only thereafter he began to dedicate himself to literature and the search for beauty, as he affirms in a famous letter to Giordani of Pompeo in Egitto "Pompey in Egypt", , written at the age of fourteen, is an anti-Caesar manifesto.
Pompey is seen as the defender of republican liberties. Storia dell'Astronomia "History of Astronomy", is a compilation of all of the knowledge accumulated in this field up to the time of Leopardi.
From the same year is Saggio sopra gli errori popolari degli antichi "Essay on the popular errors of the ancients" , which brings the ancient myths back to life.
The "errors" are the fantastic and vague imaginings of the ancients. Antiquity, in Leopardi's vision, is the infancy of the human species, which sees the personifications of its myths and dreams in the stars.
The year saw the production of Orazione agli Italiani in Occasione della Liberazione del Piceno "Oration to the Italians on the liberation of Piceno" , a paean to the 'liberation' achieved by Italy after the intervention of the Austrians against Murat.
In the same year he translated Batracomiomachia the war between the frogs and mice in which Zeus eventually sends in the crabs to exterminate them all , an ironic rhapsody which pokes fun at Homer 's Iliad , once attributed to the epic poet himself.
In Leopardi published Discorso sopra la vita e le opere di Frontone "Discourse on the life and works of Fronto ".
In the same year, however, he entered a period of crisis. He wrote L'appressamento della morte , a poem in terza rima in which the poet experiences death, which he believes to be imminent, as a comfort.
Meanwhile, there began other physical sufferings and a serious degeneration of his eyesight. He was acutely aware of the contrast between the interior life of man and his incapacity to manifest it in his relations with others.
Leopardi abandoned his philological studies and moved increasingly toward poetry by reading Italian authors of the 14th, 16th and 17th centuries, as well as some of his Italian and French contemporaries.
His vision of the world underwent a change: he ceased to seek comfort in religion, which had permeated his childhood, and became increasingly inclined toward an empirical and mechanistic vision of the universe inspired by John Locke among others.
In the idylls Le rimembranze and Inno a Nettuno "Hymn to Neptune" were published. The second, written in ancient Greek, was taken by many critics as an authentic Greek classic.
He also translated the second book of the Aeneid and the first book of the Odyssey. Leopardi maintained that "knowing", which is acceptable, is not the same thing as "imitating", which is what Madame de Stael demanded, and that Italian literature should not allow itself to be contaminated by modern forms of literature, but look to the Greek and Latin classics.
A poet must be original, not suffocated by study and imitation: only the first poet in the history of humanity could have been truly original, since he had had no one to influence him.
It was therefore necessary to get as close to the originals as possible, by drawing inspiration from one's own feelings, without imitating anyone.
Thanks to his friendship with Giordani, with whom, in , he had begun a prolific correspondence, his distancing from the conservatism of his father became even sharper.
It was in the following year that he wrote All'Italia "To Italy" and Sopra il monumento di Dante "On the Monument of Dante " , two very polemical and classical patriotic hymns in which Leopardi expressed his adherence to liberal and strongly secular ideas.
In the same period, he participated in the debate, which engulfed the literary Europe of the time, between the classicists and the romanticists , affirming his position in favour of the first in the Discorso di un Italiano attorno alla poesia romantica "Discourse of an Italian concerning romantic poetry".
In he fell in love with Gertrude Cassi Lazzari and wrote Memorie del primo amore "Memories of first love". In he published Il primo amore and began writing a diary which he would continue for fifteen years — , the Zibaldone.
All'Italia and Sopra il monumento di Dante marked the beginning of the series of major works. In the two canti , the concept of "excessive" or "over-civilization" which is deleterious for life and beauty first makes it appearance.
In the poem All'Italia , Leopardi laments the fallen at the Battle of Thermopylae BC, fought between the Greeks under Leonidas and the Persians under Xerxes , and evokes the greatness of the past.
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